With the DSM-5 , transsexualism was removed as a diagnosis, and a diagnosis of gender dysphoria was created in its place. Alternatively, I use gynephilic and androphilic to refer to sexual preference for women and men, respectively. Unless homosexual and heterosexual are more readily understood terms in a given context, this more precise terminology will be used throughout the book. It defined transsexualism as "[a] desire to live and be accepted as a member of the opposite sex, usually accompanied by a sense of discomfort with, or inappropriateness of, one's anatomic sex, and a wish to have surgery and hormonal treatment to make one's body as congruent as possible with one's preferred sex. The term, along with gynephilia, is needed to overcome immense difficulties in characterizing the sexual orientation of transmen and transwomen. There can be various reasons for this, from the personal to the financial. Like other trans people, transsexual people prefer to be referred to by the gender pronouns and terms associated with their gender identity.
Harry Benjamin said in With the DSM-5 , transsexualism was removed as a diagnosis, and a diagnosis of gender dysphoria was created in its place. For example, a trans man is a person who was assigned the female sex at birth on the basis of his genitals , but despite that assignment, identifies as a man and is transitioning or has transitioned to a male gender role; in the case of a transsexual man, he furthermore has or will have a masculine body. Unless homosexual and heterosexual are more readily understood terms in a given context, this more precise terminology will be used throughout the book. Since homosexual, gay, and lesbian are often associated with bigotry and exclusion in many societies, the emphasis on sexual affiliation is both appropriate and socially just. Principle 18 of The Yogyakarta Principles , a document of international human rights law ,  opposes such diagnosis as mental illness as medical abuse. Like other trans people, transsexual people prefer to be referred to by the gender pronouns and terms associated with their gender identity. So a gynephilic man is a man who likes women, that is, a heterosexual man, whereas an androphilic man is a man who likes men, that is, a gay man. Any attempt to classify them may not only cause confusion but arouse offense among the affected subjects. The current diagnosis for transsexual people who present themselves for medical treatment is gender dysphoria leaving out those who have sexual identity disorders without gender concerns. Another reason for objecting to the term transsexual is the concern that it implies something to do with sexuality , when it is actually about gender identity. For them, their sex organs, the primary testes as well as the secondary penis and others are disgusting deformities that must be changed by the surgeon's knife. What would be the situation after corrective surgery has been performed and the sex anatomy now resembles that of a woman? Is the "new woman" still a homosexual man? For example, he proposes the terms gynephilic and androphilic to indicate the type of partner preferred regardless of an individual's gender identity or dress. The terms gender dysphoria and gender identity disorder were not used until the s,  when Laub and Fisk published several works on transsexualism using these terms. With regard to genetic factors, a study by Hare reported that trans women have a longer androgen receptor gene than cis men, which is less effective at binding testosterone, potentially preventing complete masculinization of the brain prenatal androgen exposure or sensitivity, or lack thereof, is an often cited mechanism to explain observed brain-structure differences. The World Professional Association for Transgender Health WPATH , and many transsexual people, had recommended this removal,  arguing that at least some mental health professionals are being insensitive by labelling transsexualism as a "disease" rather than as an inborn trait as many transsexuals believe it to be. The previous version, ICD, had incorporated transsexualism, dual role transvestism, and gender identity disorder of childhood into its gender identity disorder category. They are, post-op, pre-op, and non-op, respectively. In , Hirschfeld introduced the German term "Transsexualismus",  after which David Oliver Cauldwell introduced "transsexualism" and "transsexual" to English in and Causes, studies, and theories[ edit ] This section is transcluded from Causes of transsexuality. Benjamin gave certifying letters to his MTF transsexual patients that stated "Their anatomical sex, that is to say, the body, is male. Alternatively, I use gynephilic and androphilic to refer to sexual preference for women and men, respectively. Certain brain structures in trans women have been found to be similar to cisgender women's as opposed to cis men's, and trans men's have been found to be similar to cis men's, even controlling for hormone use , which can also cause trans people's brains to become closer to those of cis people of the same gender.
Video about transgender op:
Chest Reveal: 1 Day Post Op (FtM Transgender)
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